Field Modulated and Direct Detected Continuous Wave EPR
CW Field modulated and direct detected EPR measurements can be conducted on all three available instruments and involve continuous exposure of the sample to the microwaves.
Continuous Wave Electron-Nuclear DOuble Resonance Spectroscopy
CW ENDOR involves the continuous exposure of the sample to both microwaves and rf.
Continuous Wave Power Saturation Determination
Determination of the effect of increasing microwave powers on the saturation behavior of a sample can give information regarding the relaxation properties of the sample.